The main teaching strategies used in effective mathematics lessons are: sharing learning goals, demonstrating and modelling, telling and explaining how and why, illustrating, developing and consolidating, discussing, questioning, intervening, evaluating children’s responses, giving feedback and summarising.
These strategies are interwoven with providing varied opportunities for children to engage in discussion, to experiment, investigate and solve problems in practical contexts, and to practise, working independently as individuals, or collaboratively in pairs or small groups.
A good teacher will select appropriate teaching and learning activities and approaches for each lesson. These will take into account the mathematical topic, ages and interests of the children and their existing levels of attainment.
The range of teaching strategies is discussed in more detail in the questions in the next section.