The main teaching strategies used in effective mathematics lessons are:
- sharing learning goals
- demonstrating and modelling
- explaining how and why
- developing and consolidating
- evaluating pupils’ responses
- giving feedback
These strategies are interwoven, providing varied opportunities for pupils to discuss, practise, investigate and solve problems, work independently as individuals, or collaboratively in pairs or small groups.
A good teacher will select teaching and learning activities and approaches as appropriate for different mathematical topics, the ages and interests of the pupils, and their levels of attainment.
An example of ‘sharing learning goals’ linked to the topic of solving linear equations might be:
Learning objective: Solve linear equations with unknowns on one side
- Recognise a formal method for solving a linear equation
- Solve linear equations when the solution is a fraction or a negative number
- Solve three-step equations which involve brackets
- Solve three-step equations which involve division
Matching teaching strategies to meet learners' needs describes a KS2 teacher’s thinking when selecting teaching strategies
See also: Developing teaching and learning approaches
Other named teaching strategies are explored in more detail in the questions that follow.