National Curriculum Resource Tool

Materials to support teachers and schools in embedding the National Curriculum

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  • Year 1: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
      • 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]
      • 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres].

  • Year 2: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
    • identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
    • identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
    • compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

  • Year 3: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them
    • recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
    • identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
    • identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines.

  • Year 4: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
    • identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size
    • identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
    • complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

  • Year 5: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations
    • know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
    • draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)
    • identify:
    • use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles
    • distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.

  • Year 6: Geometry - properties of shapes

    • draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
    • recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes including making nets
    • compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
    • illustrate and name parts of circle, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
    • recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.

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