- count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
- recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
- recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
- recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
- add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole [for example, 5⁄7 + 1⁄7 = 6⁄7 ]
- compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominator
- solve problems that involve all of the above.
Pupils connect tenths to place value, decimal measures and to division by 10.
They begin to understand unit and non-unit fractions as numbers on the number line, and deduce relations between them, such as size and equivalence. They should go beyond the [0, 1] interval, including relating this to measure.
Pupils understand the relation between unit fractions as operators (fractions of), and division by integers.
They continue to recognise fractions in the context of parts of a whole, numbers, measurements, a shape, and unit fractions as a division of a quantity.
Pupils practise adding and subtracting fractions with the same denominator through a variety of increasingly complex problems to improve fluency.